Author: Alex Thompson

How is cocaine used? National Institute on Drug Abuse NIDA

what is the most common way of taking drugs

Substances such as alcohol, marijuana and nicotine also are considered drugs. When you’re addicted, you may continue using the drug despite the harm it causes. Addiction is a chronic disease characterized by drug seeking and use that is compulsive, or difficult to control, despite harmful consequences. Common methods of drug administration include smoking, injecting, snorting, plugging, eating, and more.

Risk of HIV, hepatitis, and other infectious diseases from shared needles. For more information, see the Methamphetamine Research Report. A synthetic, psychoactive drug that has similarities to both the stimulant amphetamine and the hallucinogen mescaline. MDMA is an abbreviation of the scientific name 3,4-methylenedioxy-methamphetamine.

Drugs, Brains, and Behavior: The Science of Addiction

Cannabis often precedes or is used along with other substances, such as alcohol or illegal drugs, and is often the first drug tried. Drug addiction can start with experimental use of a recreational drug in social situations, and, for some people, the drug use becomes more frequent. For others, particularly with opioids, drug addiction begins when they take prescribed medicines or receive them from others who have prescriptions. A dissociative drug (Salvia divinorum) that is an herb in the mint family native to southern Mexico.

  1. Despite manufacturer claims, these are chemical compounds rather than “natural” or harmless products.
  2. Use of hallucinogens can produce different signs and symptoms, depending on the drug.
  3. In general, when the price of cigarettes increases, people smoke less.
  4. Stimulants include amphetamines, meth (methamphetamine), cocaine, methylphenidate (Ritalin, Concerta, others) and amphetamine-dextroamphetamine (Adderall XR, Mydayis).

The seven different types of drugs are categorized based on their effects. Each type of drug has its own set of characteristics and dangers. People struggling with addiction usually deny they have a problem and hesitate to seek treatment. An intervention presents a loved one with a structured opportunity to make changes before things get even worse and can motivate someone to seek or accept help. Barbiturates, benzodiazepines and hypnotics are prescription central nervous system depressants. They’re often used and misused in search for a sense of relaxation or a desire to “switch off” or forget stress-related thoughts or feelings.

Because of this, these drugs are prescribed for anxiety or insomnia. BetterHelp can connect you to an addiction and mental health counselor. Opioids are powerful painkillers that can give you a sense of euphoria. Doctors typically prescribe opioids to people experiencing severe pain. Substituted cathinones, also called “bath salts,” are mind-altering (psychoactive) substances similar to amphetamines such as ecstasy (MDMA) and cocaine.

Common Reasons Why People Use Drugs

Shooting up can increase the risk of infection, snorting can destroy parts inside the nasal cavity, and plugging can damage the rectum. A person places the substance in the rectum and sometimes uses a tampon to hold the substances inside the anal cavity. Approximately one in 10 individuals with HIV are IV drug abusers, according to data from 2016. Substances abused by shooting are dissolved in a liquid (usually water or alcohol), drawn into a syringe with a needle, and injected into the vein.

what is the most common way of taking drugs

Despite being aware of these harmful outcomes, many people who use drugs continue to take them, which is the nature of addiction. We do not receive any compensation or commission for referrals to other treatment facilities. Approximately one-quarter of eighth-grade students have used alcohol, and just over 21 percent abused drugs.

Addiction is a lot like other diseases, such as heart disease. Both disrupt the normal, healthy functioning of an organ in the body, both have serious harmful effects, and both are, in many cases, preventable and treatable. If left untreated, they can last a lifetime and may lead to death. Once you’ve been addicted to a drug, you’re at high risk of falling back into a pattern of addiction.

Kratom is consumed for mood-lifting effects and pain relief and as an aphrodisiac. An opioid drug made from morphine, a natural substance extracted from the seed pod of various opium poppy plants. Evidence shows that people will stop using when the costs become too high (Dalrymple, 2006). Many of the states that have the lowest smoking rates are those that have been the most aggressive about indoor smoking laws and about state taxes that drive up the cost of cigarettes.

Adderall Addiction

The drinking removes, at least temporarily, the stress of anxiety. Instead, we choose the chemical shortcut to avoid those emotions—and end up becoming trapped there. More good news is that drug use and addiction are preventable. Although personal events and cultural factors affect drug use trends, when young people view drug use as harmful, they tend to decrease their drug taking. Therefore, education and outreach are key in helping people understand the possible risks of drug use. Teachers, parents, and health care providers have crucial roles in educating young people and preventing drug use and addiction.

The most common hallucinogens are lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) and phencyclidine (PCP). Despite the name, these are not bath products such as Epsom salts. Substituted cathinones can be eaten, snorted, inhaled or injected and are highly addictive.

They might take more of the drug to try and achieve the same high. These brain adaptations often lead to the person becoming less and less able to derive pleasure from other things they once enjoyed, like food, sex, or social activities. Abusing a drug transdermally means using a patch to adhere the drug to the skin and then it is absorbed through the skin. Illegal drugs or illicit prescription drugs have been abused this way as well. Abusing a drug by using it as a suppository and inserting it into the vagina or rectum has become a more common method of substance abuse as well.

Drug Misuse and Addiction

When they first use a drug, people may perceive what seem to be positive effects. Some people may start to feel the need to take more of a drug or take it more often, even in the early stages of their drug use. There are several different terms for this method, such as boofing, plugging, and butt-chugging (usually involves alcohol). Insufflation puts a person at high risk for developing pneumonia, as snorting drugs may allow these substances to get into the lungs, resulting in infections and bacterial growth.

A powerfully addictive stimulant drug made from the leaves of the coca plant native to South America. The main psychoactive (mind-altering) chemical in marijuana is delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC. Cocaine is the most recognized drug that can be snorted, however, there are a number of additional substances that can be insufflated. Additionally, there is a high risk of overdose or alcohol poisoning because of the delay or slower distribution to the bloodstream. Not all drugs can be taken the same way, and taking some drugs in different ways can lead to unwanted outcomes. As it sounds, inhalants are drugs that can only be inhaled as gasses or fumes.

Any water-soluble drug can be abused using this method, including cocaine and opioids. Infections and skin abscesses are a common side effect of skin popping, including staph infections and osteomyelitis. There are a number of dangerous side effects of intravenous drug use, both short-term and long-term. These include infections, diseases, organ and tissue damage, weakened immune systems, and many more. Shooting drugs is also considered one of the most dangerous methods of drug use since it can quickly lead to addiction and accidental overdose.