Author: Alex Thompson

Cocaine: Side-Effects and Addiction Treatment

why do people use cocaine

This position helps keep their airway open and can prevent choking in case they begin to vomit. Crack is cocaine freebase that’s been processed into a rock. Some people process cocaine into a rock and smoke it, which we’ll get to next. Healthline does not endorse the use of any illegal substances, and we recognize abstaining from them is always the safest approach. However, we believe in providing accessible and accurate information to reduce the harm that can occur when using. Licensed medical professionals review material we publish on our site.

why do people use cocaine

Patient confidentiality laws prevent them from sharing this information with law enforcement. Long-term cocaine use can cause auditory and tactile hallucinations, causing you to hear and feel things that aren’t there. Injecting it carries the highest risk of bloodborne infections, but you can also contract infections by smoking and snorting coke. Mixing alcohol and cocaine has also been shown to increase cravings for each substance, leading to a higher risk of dependence. Once the high wears off, coke can leave you feeling depressed and extremely tired for several days.

When Did People Start Using Cocaine?

This is must take more to get the same high and the low is deeper and thus they feel as though they crave more cocaine. The user may require drug rehab from a rehab clinic, before the cocaine use becomes hugely harmful to the users’ health. They can perform an assessment and help you understand if you or your loved one has a cocaine substance use disorder. The solid, rock-like form of the drug, called crack cocaine or freebase cocaine, is smoked.

The scientists believe that the basal ganglia were already enlarged before the addiction began. This would suggest that some people might be more vulnerable to the addictive effects of cocaine. The team scanned the brains of 120 individuals, half of whom were addicted to cocaine. Results showed a widespread loss of gray matter among cocaine users. The loss was greater among those who had used the drug for longer. However, cocaine and its derivative, crack cocaine, are widely used as illegal recreational drugs.

  1. It’s important to spot the symptoms of overdose and get help immediately.
  2. For one thing, the high feels very pleasurable, especially when you first try it.
  3. Sunshine Behavioral Health strives to help people who are facing substance abuse, addiction, mental health disorders, or a combination of these conditions.
  4. That also depends on how it’s consumed, along with other variables, like your dose and whether you’re taking other substances.
  5. The solid, rock-like form of the drug, called crack cocaine or freebase cocaine, is smoked.

People often overdose from cocaine due to the effect that cocaine has upon the heart. This includes convulsions and eventually heart failure (this risk is made even higher if other drugs or alcohol are consumed alongside it). Serious cocaine addicts often develop problems with their nose because of the fact that snorting the drug. This causes the cartilage which separates the nostrils to disintegrate. Using a lot of cocaine makes the negative side effects and the comedowns more severe. Depression and anxiety disorders are strongly linked to cocaine use.

Cocaine, especially crack cocaine, is strongly addictive for several reasons. For one thing, the high feels very pleasurable, especially when you first try it. So you might keep taking the drug to prolong the good feelings and put off the unpleasant comedown. Since it’s an illegal drug, you can never be sure about the quality of cocaine. To make more money, dealers may “cut” the drug with other substances, like flour, baking soda, cornstarch, or talcum powder.

Cocaine Complications

That’s one reason crack cocaine became popular in the 1980s. The immediate effects of cocaine may prompt the first use of the drug. People may like how they feel when using cocaine and seek these effects. Scientists at the University of Cambridge in England identified abnormal brain structure in the frontal lobe of the brain of cocaine users. Smoking cocaine also increases the risk of developing respiratory problems, such as shortness of breath, coughing, and lung trauma, including bleeding. Some studies have shown that those who inject or smoke cocaine have a greater risk of complications than individuals who snort it.

People who abuse substances often take more than one drug at the same time. When a person consumes cocaine and alcohol together, the liver produces cocaethylene. The most important part of any treatment plan is to give up the drug right away.

Why Do People Use Cocaine? Usually They Want to Feel Better

Medications can treat the symptoms related to cocaine withdrawal, but there is no substitute drug that can effectively help a patient recover from a cocaine dependency. Cocaethylene prolongs the euphoric effects of cocaine and makes them more intense. In occasional cocaine users, social or physical problems are rare, but scientists insist there is no safe amount of cocaine.

As the medical profession came to realize that cocaine was addictive, safer anesthetics were developed. In early tests, a vaccine helped reduce the risk of relapse in people who use cocaine. The vaccine activates your immune system to create antibodies that attach to cocaine and stop it from making its way into your brain. But we need much more research into whether the  vaccine  is safe and effective over the long term. Counseling and other types of therapy are the most common treatments for cocaine use disorder.

When Coca-Cola was first produced, it contained 9 milligrams of cocaine per glass. In 1903, this ingredient was removed, but the drink still has coca flavoring. An ER doctor will test for those conditions and try to treat them first.

In powder form, it usually consists of cocaine hydrochloride diluted with other substances, such as lidocaine, a local anesthetic, sugars (lactose), inositol, and mannitol. This cycle can lead to cocaine use disorder, in which you have trouble controlling how much and how often you use the drug even when it has negative effects on your life. This makes you compulsively crave or use substances like cocaine.

However, cocaethylene use is linked to a significantly greater risk of sudden death, compared with cocaine alone. Binge pattern cocaine use can lead to irritability, anxiety, and restlessness. Cocaine has a very powerful stimulating effect on the nervous system. It raises levels of dopamine, a neurotransmitter linked to pleasure, movement, and the brain’s reward circuit.

Cocaine Overdose

Long-term or frequent use can break down tissue, causing sores. In severe cases, the septum (the cartilage between your nostrils) can develop a hole. That also depends on how it’s consumed, along with other variables, like your dose and whether you’re taking other substances. If you use it, are considering using it, or are around anyone who does, read on.